Learning The Strategy of Reasoning Through Marzano Dimensional Mastery Learning Model Among Form Four Students for The Topic Of Differentiation


  • Mohamad Nizam Arshad Faculty of Education, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Noor Azean Atan Faculty of Education, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Abdul Halim Abdullah Faculty of Education, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mahani Mokhtar Faculty of Education, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Salleh Abu Faculty of Education, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia




Reasoning skills, dimensional model of mastery learning, topic differentiation


Reasoning skills are very important in encouraging students to think more critically and logically, as depicted in the Malaysian Education Development Plan (2013-2025). Therefore, this study looked into improving the Differentiation Reasoning Level (DRL) of reasoning skills among students for a topic in the Additional Mathematics subject,  known as Differentiation, through reasoning learning strategy. The study participants consisted of a total of 31 students from a secondary boarding school in Johor, selected through a purposive sampling method. A pre-test was carried out for the participants, from the advanced level, followed by a number of repetition tests, before the post-test assessment was conducted. The data collection for this study employed a set of Reasoning Test on Differentiation (RTD) and 10 sets of learning activities on Differentiation based on modified Marzano Rubric for Specific Task of Situations (1992). This dimension involved four types of reasoning skills, namely,  comparison, classification, inductive, and deductive. The survey data, through paired samples t-test, revealed a significant difference between the mean scores in pre-test and post-test (p <0.05). In addition, the paired sample t-test showed a significant difference on the level of reasoning among students from each construct in the reasoning skills before and after using this module. In conclusion, the Marzano Model of Dimensional Learning (1992) is a thinking skill model that can help improve students' reasoning skills. The model covers analysis aspects of what has been learned by implementing the process of identifying reasons, which will help students to add and expand their knowledge. The findings also implied that, the processes of teaching and learning play an important role in ensuring students’ capability to emphasize on the implementation process of reasoning skills


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