Mapping Four Decades of Appropriate Technology Research: A Bibliometric Analysis From 1973 To 2021


  • Saida Farhanah Sarkam Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Alor Gajah Campus, 78000 Melaka, Malaysia
  • Khairul Akmaliah Adham Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia



appropriate technology, bibliometric analysis, bibliometrix, R-package


Appropriate technology is a highly adaptable, simple, and user-friendly technology that utilises local resources designed for use in a specific community at a particular point in time. The technology is a crucial resource for marginalised groups in solving their everyday problems in the most economical way, which also have positive impact for their social life and environment. However, thus far, there is a lack of research that systematically reviews the patterns of scientific studies inherent in the body of knowledge of appropriate technology. Such review is needed to diagnose the current knowledge about appropriate technology. The purpose of the study is to examine the publication trends, collaborative structures, and central themes in appropriate technology studies. To achieve this objective, this study utilised a bibliometric analysis using the bibliometrix R-package software. The result highlighted three main themes in appropriate technology studies, which are developing countries, technology transfer, and sustainable development. This understanding forms the foundation towards greater understanding and applications of appropriate technologies to empower and improve overall quality of life in the society, especially in developing countries.


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How to Cite

Sarkam, S. F., & Adham, K. A. . (2022). Mapping Four Decades of Appropriate Technology Research: A Bibliometric Analysis From 1973 To 2021 . Sains Humanika, 15(1), 1–17.