Racial Tolerance in Educational Environment: A Systematic Review


  • Tan Yoong Yee School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Zainudin Hassan School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia




Race; Tolerance; Racial Tolerance; Education


Understanding how racial tolerance develops is essential since it is commonly stated that tolerance is a required quality for the growth of both individuals and society. Tolerance, however, is multidimensional, multifaceted, multiaspect, and situational sensitive. Tolerance definitional issues are complicated, and tolerance measurement techniques in a given study frequently transcend definitional bounds. For these reasons, in order to gather information on racial tolerance in educational environment, this study undertakes a comprehensive literature analysis. In order to report systematic reviews and meta-analyses, the review adapted the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement recommendations. A summary of thirty-three studies were conducted to investigate racial tolerance in educational environments. The results indicate that the institution, educators, classmates, instructional practices, and educational setting all seem to have an impact on the nature of the relationship between racial tolerance and educational environment.


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How to Cite

Yee, T. Y., & Hassan, Z. (2024). Racial Tolerance in Educational Environment: A Systematic Review. Sains Humanika, 16(2), 47–52. https://doi.org/10.11113/sh.v16n2.2136